The permanent residence permit is a document confirming a foreign national’s right to live in Russia for five years. This document allows for multiple extensions, and is also grounds for receiving the Russian citizenship.
We often get requests for assistance in obtaining a “temporary Russian green card,” but the Russian law does not provide for such a document or such a concept. Only a temporary residence permit (TRP) can be temporary: it is issued for three years and cannot be extended.
Obtaining a permanent residence permit substantially expands a foreign national’s rights in Russia: it allows its holder to work anywhere in Russia (in any Russian region) without having to obtain any additional permits, it entitles its holder to become permanently registered at a certain address, to receive social services, and much more. Please also note that once you have received a Russian permanent residence permit, you can stay in Russia indefinitely as a permanent resident, because it can be renewed an unlimited number of times. However, it is important that you realize that you have not relinquished your citizenship of another country when you obtain a Russian permanent residence permit, and that you remain a foreign national living in Russia.